Today is Memorial Day, and we want to honor all those who fought and lost their lives for our country. I want to take a look at a war that is sometimes forgotten, or, rather usurped by its older brother later in the 20th century: World War I.
There’s no doubt World War II has gained in popularity in the last several years. There was a time when you looked on the Amazon bestseller list for Historical Fiction and saw only (or mostly) books set during the Second World War. But World War I has always been more fascinating to me. I got interested in this war after binge reading Dorothy L. Sayers’ classic series featuring Lord Peter Wimsey. Though the series is set in the 1920s and 1930s, Wimsey is a World War I vet and there are references to his experiences during the war and even a mystery that begins with a flashback during the war in the book The Nine Tailors.
Photo Credit: Book cover for The Nine Tailor by Dorothy L. Sayers, date unknown, uploaded 30 September 2008 by Jim Barker: Jim Barker/Flickr/ CC BY NC SA 2.0
When we look at the history of World War I, we find people had very high hopes. It was, and still is, referred to as “The Great War” (even though few would deny World War II was greater) and “the war to end all wars” (which, sadly, it did not). This war was a modern war and a coming-of-age for warfare.
To begin with, World War I was the first war fought on a grand scale, involving 30 nations (including the United States). Wars up until that time tended to be confined to certain geographical areas so this war was the first real global war. It was also the first to use modern technologies such as tanks, machine guns (the infamous “Tommy gun” was originally designed to be used during the war), automobiles, and airplanes. That made mass destruction easier (sad to say) and so the toll it took physically on those fighting, including the dead and wounded was massive. The total casualties are estimated to be around forty million! While this is about half the casualties during WWII (when there was even more sophisticated warfare), for the early 20th century, this was phenomenal.
But what made World War I stand out above other wars before was the psychological toll it took on those fighting and their loved ones. Since such death and warfare hadn’t been seen on a massive scale before, the devastation it brought was huge. I don’t want to post any photos of shell-shocked soldiers so as not to trigger anyone, but if you’d like to see one, you can do so here.
Post-World War I was the first time people began to recognize war could cause heavy psychological damage. A new term came into being after the war: shell shock (which we know today is PTSD). One of the things that fascinated me about the Peter Wimsey series is how Sayers shows the effects of shell shock on her protagonist Lord Peter even a decade later, including nightmares, migraines, and nervous breakdowns.
So let me call out to honor those who fought and died in World War I. Sadly, none survive today, as the last died in 2011. But we can still appreciate their bravery and the way they showed us the effects of global war.
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